Batch Enabling Auditing across Many SharePoint Sites

If you are only looking for the script and are not interested what else I say, just grab them here:

#Define the function Enable-Auditing. The URL parameter accepts pipeline input. It also enables log trimming, and log retention time is set to 30 days. This part is kind of "hardcoded", but it should not be too difficult to change it. 
function Enable-Auditing {
param([Parameter(Mandatory=$True,ValueFromPipeline=$True,ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]$Url,
[Parameter(Mandatory=$True)]$AuditedActions);
$site = Get-SPSite $Url;
$site.TrimAuditLog = $true;
$site.AuditLogTrimmingRetention = 30;
$site.Audit.AuditFlags = $AuditedActions;
$site.Audit.Update();
$site.Dispose();
}
<# 
Run the commands to apply the settings to specific Site Collections. For the -AuditedAction parameter, input any of the following:
"All" to audit all auditable actions.
"None" to disable auditing
An array of action names to enable auditing a specific set of actions to audit, e.g. "Update", "Delete", "Search". 
Check MSDN documentation for a complete list of auditable actions: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/microsoft.sharepoint.spauditmasktype.aspx
#>
Enable-Auditing -URL https://teamsite.contoso.com -AuditedActions "Update", "Delete"

As the -URL parameter accepts pipeline inputs, batch action can be done to multiple site collection with one line of command such as the one below:

#The command below enables auditing Update and Delete actions on all Site Collections whose URL contains "hr".
Get-SPSite -WebApplication http://teamsite.contoso.com -Limit All | ? {$_.url -like "*hr*"} | ForEach-Object {Enable-Auditing -Url $_.url -AuditedActions "Update", "Delete"}

OK, if you are interested in my monologue discussing this function, please read on. Otherwise, the content above is all you need.

How do you make sure auditing is enabled all the time? How may Site Collections do you need to manage? Does each Site Collection has its own Site Collection Administrator?

Site Collection Administrators has the permission to change site audit settings. That’s a potential risk since they can intentionally or unintentionally change the audit settings, while auditing is usually an organization-wide policy that needs to be enforced. Sometimes, turning on unnecessary auditing is bad as well as it will make the content DB grow faster. A single piece of audit log is about 1KB. Imagine, 1000 people are visiting 100 locations in a day!

One solution is to create a PowerShell scripts running under a task scheduler that enforces auditing policies, including:

  • Actions to audit
  • Whether to enable audit log trimming
  • If log trimming enabled, how many days of log to retain

In SharePoint Management Shell, there is no direct cmdlet for this purpose yet. We can define a function to make batch operations easier.

If you run Get-Member on a SPSite object, you will find that there are a few properties related to auditing:

  • Audit
  • AuditLogTrimmingCallout
  • AuditLogTrimmingRetention

To enable/disable auditing, the trick is to set the value of the SPSite.Audit.AuditFlags property. Based on tests, it accepts strings or array of strings. So there comes the code at the beginning of this post.

How to hyperlink to a specific location on a long web page?

For those looking for a quick answer, here it is:

Put in the pattern in the address bar: <URL>#<HTML Element ID>

For example:

https://technet.microsoft.com/en-SG/library/cc262787.aspx#ContentDB

https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-sg/library/ff877884.aspx#AvailabilityModes

If you would like to read a discussion on this topic, feel free to move on. Otherwise, the answer above is all you need to know. 😉

When you are sharing a webpage with others, it may be frustrating for the reader to find the exact content you are sharing when the webpage is long. What if you can direct the reader to the exact location through the hyperlink you are sharing? For example, on a lengthy TechNet Article about SharePoint limitations, the reader is directed to the Content Database limitations directly when opening the page with this hyperlink: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-SG/library/cc262787.aspx#ContentDB

The trick lies in the suffix “#ContentDB” in the URL. So the question this post is trying to answer is how to determine what to add to the end of the URL for navigating the users to a specific location on the webpage directly?

We know in HTML we can assign an ID to a tag such as <p id=”something”></p>, which is the unique identifier of the this is specific element. You can then use this ID to locate the content to share. Not every element on a webpage has an ID attribute though. So having an ID is the prerequisite for locating the content directly.

How to find the ID of the location you are sharing if any? There are two ways, the easy way and the hard way.

The easy way exists when there are internal hyperlinks on a webpage, i.e. the hyperlink points to a location on the same page. In this case you can copy the hyperlink directly and share with others. For example, on TechNet articles, you constantly see hyperlinks to the same page.

 Hyperlinks

The hard way comes when there is no internal Hyperlink on the webpage. You will need to check the source code of the webpage for any ID that can be used.

One-pic-4-a-thousand-words